The Wallenberg syndrome is a rare condition in which the infarction or stroke occurs in the lateral cortex. The lateral core is part of the brainstem. Oxidized blood does not reach the part of the brain when the arteries that lead to it are blocked. Due to this blockage, a stroke may occur. This condition is also sometimes called a lateral-medial infarction.
Symptoms of Wallenberg syndrome
The brain stem is responsible for providing information to the spinal cord for motor and sensory functions. Stroke in this area causes problems with the perception of muscles and functions.
The most common symptoms of people with Wallenberg syndrome are dysphagia or difficulty swallowing. This can become very serious if it affects how much you are getting nutrition. Other symptoms are:
hoarseness, nausea, vomiting, hiccup, quick eye movements or nystagmus, reducing sweating, problems with feeling body temperature, dizziness, difficulty walking, difficulty in maintaining balance,
Sometimes people with Wallenberg syndrome experience paralysis or numbness on one side of the body. This can occur in the limbs, on the face and even in a small area such as language.
You can also feel the difference in how hot or cold something is on one side of the body. Some people walk on a slope or report that everything around them seems to be tilted or balanced.
This syndrome can also cause bradycardia or slow heart rate and low or high blood pressure. Discuss any symptoms you have with your doctor. Any information can help to make a diagnosis.
The risk for Wallenberg syndrome
Researchers still need to understand why this type of stroke occurs. However, some researchers have found a relationship between those who suffer from the arterial disease, heart disease, blood clots or minor neck injuries due to rotational activities and Wallenberg Syndrome.
Small neck injury is a common cause among people under 45. Please inform your doctor if you have experienced any of these problems.
The Wallenberg Syndrome diagnosed
The doctor usually makes a diagnosis after thoroughly reviewing the person’s health history and listening to her description of symptoms. You may need a CT or MRI scan if the doctor suspects you have a Wallenberg syndrome. They can order these imaging tests to confirm whether there is a block in the artery near the spinal cord.
The Wallenberg team treated
No medicine is available for this condition, but your doctor will probably focus on treatment on relieving or removing your symptoms. They can prescribe speech and swallow therapy to help you learn to swallow again.
They may also recommend a feeding tube if your condition is severe. It will help you to provide the necessary nutrients. Your doctor may prescribe medication.
Analgesics can help treat chronic or long-term pain. Alternatively, they may prescribe a blood thinner, such as heparin or warfarin, to reduce or dissolve a blockage in the artery. It can also help prevent the formation of blood clots in the future.
Sometimes an antiepileptic or anti-epileptic drug called gabapentin may help relieve symptoms. The operation may be an option to remove the clot in extreme cases. This is not so common in treatment because of difficulty in getting into this area of the brain. Discuss your treatment options with your doctor and act exactly as planned.
The long-term prospects for people with Wallenberg syndrome
Long-term prospects for people with Wallenberg syndrome are quite positive. Successful cure depends on the place of impact in the brainstem. It also depends on how much damage has occurred. Some people can recover from a few weeks to six months after treatment.
Others with more significant lesions may have problems with a permanent disability or more. If you have any questions, please discuss with your doctor a long-term perspective. Remember to follow the treatment plan carefully to ensure the best chance of full recovery.