Schizophrenia is a chronic psychiatric disorder. People with this disorder experience distortion of reality, often experiencing illusions or hallucinations. Although accurate estimates are difficult to obtain, it is estimated that it affects about 1% of the population.
Misunderstandings about this disorder are common. For example, some people think that it creates a “split personality”.Read below for schizophrenia types.
Schizophrenia can occur in men and women of all ages. Men often have symptoms in their late teens or in the early ’20s. Women show symptoms in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Here’s what you need to know.
Schizophrenia was once divided into five subtypes. Today, schizophrenia is one diagnosis. Names of different types help physicians and healthcare professionals plan treatment.
These Schizophrenia types included:
Paranoid. In 2013, doctors stated that paranoia is a “positive” symptom of the disorder, not a separate one.
Hebephrenic or disorganized. This type has been diagnosed in people who have not experienced hallucinations or illusions but have disorganized speech or behavior.
Undifferentiated. Doctors have diagnosed people with this subtype who have shown more than one type of dominant symptom.
Residual. If someone was diagnosed with schizophrenia early in life, but the symptoms did not occur later, this subtype could be used for them.
Catatonic. As the name suggests, this subtype was diagnosed in people who showed signs of autism or who developed an effect similar to stupefaction.
Although these subtypes are no longer used to diagnose schizophrenia, you can read more about each of them and the symptoms that will classify them.
Diagnosis and tests of schizophrenia
There is not one test to diagnose schizophrenia. A full psychiatric test can help the doctor diagnose. You must see a psychiatrist or mental health specialist.
During the appointment visit, answer questions about:
Your medical history, mental health, family medical history,
Your doctor can do the following: physical exam, blood work
imaging studies, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT). Sometimes there may be other reasons for your symptoms, even if they may be similar to schizophrenia. These causes may include:
The use of substances, some medicines, other mental illness
Your doctor can diagnose schizophrenia if you have at least two symptoms for one month. These symptoms must include:
hallucinations, illusions, speech disorganization
Treatment of schizophrenia
There is no cure for schizophrenia. Treatment can control or reduce the severity of symptoms. It is important to get treatment from a psychiatrist or mental health specialist who has experience in treating people with this disorder. You can also work with a social worker or case manager.
Possible therapies include:
Medicines Antipsychotics are the most common treatment for schizophrenia. Drugs can help stop:
hallucinations, illusions, psychosis symptoms If you experience psychosis, you can be hospitalized and treated under strict medical supervision.
Psychosocial intervention is another treatment option for all schizophrenia types. This includes individual therapy to help manage stress and illness.
Social training can improve your social and communication skills. Vocational rehabilitation can provide you with the skills you need to get back to work. This can make it easier to keep your regular job.
Alternative treatments for schizophrenia
Drugs are important in the treatment of all schizophrenia types. However, some people with disabilities may want to consider a supplementary medicine. If you decide to use these alternative treatments, make sure that treatment is safe in collaboration with your doctor.
The types of alternative treatments for schizophrenia include:
vitamin treatment, fish oil supplements, glycine supplements, diet management