Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest planet in the Solar System in terms of diameter and mass. If you compare, it’s easy to understand why Saturn and Jupiter were designated as relatives.


From atmospheric composition to the rotation, these two planets are very similar. The Saturn was named after the father of the god Jupiter in Roman mythology. Read more about Saturn facts.





Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the last planet known to ancient civilizations. This was known to the Babylonians and to the observer from the Far East.



Saturn is one of five planets that can be seen with the naked eye. It is also the fifth luminous object in the solar system.



In Roman mythology, Saturn was the father of Jupiter, the king of the gods. This relationship makes sense, considering that the planets Saturn and Jupiter are similar in many respects, including size and composition. The Greek equivalent is known as Kronos.



The most common pseudonym for Saturn is “The Ringed Planet”, a pseudonym coming from a large, beautiful and extensive ring system surrounding the planet.

saturn facts

These rings are mostly made of pieces of ice and coal dust. They extend over 12,700 km from the planet but are only 20 meters thick.



Saturn imparts more energy than it acquires from the Sun. It is believed that this unusual property comes from the gravitational compression of the planet in combination with the friction caused by a large amount of helium in its atmosphere.



Saturn takes 29.4 Earth’s years to circumnavigate the Sun. This slow-motion against the stars has led the planet to name ‘Lubadsagush’ – or ‘the oldest’ by the ancient Assyrians.



Saturn has the speedy winds of any other planet in our Solar System. These winds have been measured at around 1,800 km per hour (1,100 miles per hour).



Saturn is the least condensed fog planet in the solar system.

It is built primarily of hydrogen and has a density less than water – which in technical terms means that Saturn would float in the air. Hydrogen layers thicken further on the planet, eventually becoming metallic and leading to a hot inner core.



Saturn has 150 moons and smaller moons. All these moons are frozen – the largest of which is Titan and Rhea.

saturn facts

The moon Enceladus also seems to have an ocean hidden under its frozen surface.



Saturn’s Moon Titan is the second-largest moon in the Solar System, after the moon of Jupiter Ganymede. It has a complex and dense atmosphere built mainly of nitrogen and consists of water ice and rocks.


The frozen surface of Titan has liquid methane lakes and a landscape covered with frozen nitrogen. It is possible that Titan may be a port for life – but this life would not be like living on Earth.



Saturn is the flattest of the eight planets. With a polar diameter that is 90% of the equatorial diameter, The Saturn facts are the flattest of all planets.

This is due to the low density of the planet and high speed – Saturn needs 10 hours and 34 minutes to turn on its axis.



Saturn has oval storms similar to Jupiter. Scientists believe that the Hexa -agonal pattern of clouds around the Saturn’s the North Pole can be the pattern of waves in the upper clouds.

At the south pole, there is also a whirl that resembles storms of hurricanes on Earth.



Most Important Saturn facts are known as a gas giant, but scientists believe it has a solid, rocky core surrounded by hydrogen and helium.

Saturn and Jupiter together account for 92% of the total planetary mass in the solar system.

The interior of Saturn is very hot, reaching a temperature of 11,700 ° C (21,000 ° F).

Saturn is located 1 424 600 000 km from the Sun. It’s about 0.9 billion miles.




Unlike Earth, Saturn is an easily recognizable planet in the Solar System. The reason for this is obvious.

Although other giants have a planetary ring system, none can match the magnitude and beauty found around Saturn.


 It is also one of the least understood in modern times.

Thanks to the Cassini-Huygens planetary mission, which is currently underway, scientists hope not only to learn more about Saturn facts but also about Saturn’s moons and its planetary ring system.



Saturn Ring

Saturn’s ring system is most visible in the solar system. They consist mainly of billions of fine ice particles, with traces of dust and other impurities. This composition explains why rings are visible to telescopes on Earth – the ice is very reflective of sunlight.



Each ring is simply a collection of thousands of smaller rings packed very close together. In addition, there are gaps between each ring.

At the length of 4700 km and occurring between rings A and B, Cassani is the biggest of these gaps.


The main rings start about 7000 km above Saturn’s equator and extend another 73,000 km. Interestingly, although this radius is significant, the actual thickness of the rings is no more than one kilometer.


The most commonly used theory explaining ring formation is that a medium-sized moon orbiting Saturn broke down due to tidal forces when its orbit became too close to Saturn.



Saturn Atmosphere

Saturn’s atmosphere consists of approximately 96% hydrogen and 4% helium, with traces of ammonia, acetylene, ethane, phosphine, and methane.


It has a thickness of about 60 km. In the highest atmosphere layer, the wind speed reaches 1800 km / h, which is one of the fastest in the entire solar system.


Although it is not as visible as on Jupiter, Saturn has a horizontally framed cloud pattern. What’s more, these bands are much wider near the Saturn equator than those found at Jupiter’s equator.


These cloud patterns were unknown until the Voyager mission started in the 1970s. Since then, technology has grown to the point that terrestrial telescopes can now watch them.


These are the storms on Saturn, which are analogous to the Great Red Spot on Jupiter, although they are much shorter.

The Hubble Space Telescope has observed such a storm in 1990, although it was not on the Voyager spacecraft in 1981.


Based on historical observations, it turned out that these storms are periodic, occurring approximately once into Saturn’s orbit.