Pulmonary edema is a condition, which the lungs are filled with fluid. It is also known as pulmonary congestion, lung, and pulmonary embolism. When pulmonary edema occurs, the body tries to get enough oxygen and begins to have shortness of breath.
Symptoms of pulmonary edema
In the case of pulmonary edema, the body will have difficulty in obtaining oxygen. This is due to the amount of increased fluid in the lungs, which prevents oxygen from entering the bloodstream.
Symptoms may increase until treatment is applied. Symptoms depend on the type of pulmonary edema.
Long-lasting pulmonary edema
Symptoms of long-term pulmonary edema include: shortness of breath during physical activity Difficulty breathing while lying down wheezing waking up at night with a feeling of apnea that goes away when you sit down rapid weight gain, especially in the legs swelling in the lower body
High pulmonary edema
Pulmonary edema caused by altitude sickness or lack of enough oxygen in the air will have symptoms that include: headaches irregular, fast heartbeat shortness of breath after exercise and rest cough fever difficulties in walking uphill and on flat surfaces Get emergency help if these symptoms start to worsen. Do not go to the hospital.
Causes of pulmonary edema
Congestive heart failure, the most cause of pulmonary edema is congestive heart failure (CHF).
Heart failure occurs when the heart can no longer properly pump blood in the body. This creates pressure in the small blood vessels in the lungs, causing the fluid to leak from the vessels.
In a healthy body, the lungs take oxygen from the air you breathe and bring it into the bloodstream. But when the fluid fills your lungs, they can not enter oxygen into the bloodstream. It deprives the rest of the body of oxygen.
Treatment of pulmonary edema
Pulmonary edema is a serious condition that requires rapid treatment. Oxygen is the first line of treatment for this condition. Your healthcare team will support you and deliver 100% oxygen through an oxygen mask, nasal cannula or hypertensive mask.
Your doctor will also diagnose the cause of pulmonary edema and will recommend the appropriate treatment for the underlying cause. Depending on the condition and cause of pulmonary edema, your doctor may also provide:
Initial reducers, they help reduce the pressure of the fluid flowing into the heart and lungs. Diuretics also help to reduce this pressure, causing you to urinate, which eliminates fluid. Afterload reducers. These drugs dilate the blood vessels and exert pressure from the heart. Heart medicine.
They will control the pulse, reduce high blood pressure and reduce the pressure in the arteries and veins. Morphine. This drug is used to relieve anxiety and shortness of breath. But fewer doctors currently use morphine because of the risk. In severe cases, people with pulmonary edema may require intensive or critical care.
Some cases of pulmonary edema may require supportive care for breathing. The machine will provide oxygen under pressure to help more air escape into the lungs.
Sometimes this can be done with a mask or cannula, also called continuous positive pressure in the airways (CPAP). The doctor may need to insert the endotracheal tube or the respiratory tube into the throat and use mechanical ventilation.
Prevention of pulmonary edema
There is no way to completely prevent pulmonary edema. People at high risk should immediately seek help if symptoms of the disorder appear. The best way to prevent pulmonary edema is to take care of your health:
Get a vaccine against pneumonia. Get an influenza vaccine, especially if you have heart problems or are an elderly person.
Stay on diuretic after an episode of pulmonary edema to prevent a recurrence.
You can also reduce the risk of heart failure, the most common cause of pulmonary edema:
You should regularly visit a doctor. Do not smoke or use recreational drugs.
Regularly exercise, Eat healthy food, Keep a normal weight