Pneumothorax (noo-moe-THOR-aks) is a collapsed lung. Pneumothorax occurs when the air leaks into the space between the lung and the chest wall. This air pushes the outside of the lungs and causes it to collapse. In most cases, only part of the lungs collapses. Pneumothorax may be caused by blunt or penetrating chest injuries, some medical procedures or damage to the underlying lung disease. Or it can occur for no obvious reason. Symptoms normally include sudden chest pain and shortness of breath. In some cases, a sunken lung may be a life-threatening event.
Treatment of pneumothorax usually involves placing a flexible tube or needle between the ribs to remove excess air. However, a small pneumothorax can be treated alone.
The main pneumothorax symptoms are sudden chest pain and shortness of breath. But these symptoms can be caused by various health problems, and some may be life-threatening. If your chest pain is severe or breathing becomes more difficult, immediately emergency ambulance.
pneumothorax other symptoms & (causes)
Damage to the chest. Any blunt or penetrating chest damage may cause your lungs to collapse. Some injuries can happen during physical attacks or car accidents, while others may inadvertently occur during medical procedures that involve inserting a needle into the chest. Pulmonary disease. Damaged lung tissue is more susceptible to collapse. Lung damage can be caused by many types of basic diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis and pneumonia.
Broken air bubbles. Small air bubbles (bubbles) can develop on the top of the lungs. These bubbles sometimes break – allowing the air to leak into the space surrounding the lungs. Mechanical ventilation. Severe pneumothorax can occur in people who need mechanical breathing assistance. The ventilator may cause an imbalance in the air pressure in the chest. The lung can completely collapse.
Your sex. Generally, men are more prone to pneumothorax than women.
Smoking. The danger increases with the length of time and the number of cigarettes smoked, even without emphysema.
Age. The type of pneumothorax caused by air bubble ruptures usually occurs in people between 20 and 40 years of age, especially if the person is very tall and underweight. Genetics. Some types of pneumothorax seem to work in families.
Pulmonary disease. Underlying lung disease – especially chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) – increases the likelihood of lung collapse. Mechanical ventilation. People who require mechanical ventilation to support breathing are more prone to pneumothorax. Previous pleural effusion. Anyone with one pneumothorax is at an increased risk of developing another, usually within one to two years of the first one.