The medulla oblongata is in the brainstem, before the cerebellum. It is a conical, neuronal (nerve cell) mass in the back brain that controls many autonomic (involuntary) functions. The main medulla oblongata function of the hill is the processing of information into and from the spinal cord and cerebellum.


Medulla oblongata helps regulate breathing, the work of the heart and blood vessels, digestion, sneezing and swallowing. This part of the brain is the center of respiration and circulation.


Sensory and motor neurons (nerve cells) from the forebrain and midbrain travel through the core. Medulla oblongata function receives blood supply from several arteries, including the anterior spinal artery, posterior cerebral artery and direct branch of the vertebral artery.


 It helps in the transmission of messages between the spinal cord and various sections of the brain. It is responsible for controlling various autonomic functions in the body, such as digestion, blood vessel function, blood vessel function, breathing, sneezing and swallowing.



Medulla oblongata function

 following medulla oblongata function performs in the body:

It controls the autonomic nervous system (ANS control) – Put simply, the automated nervous system automatically responds to different situations when you need to think and react.


Regulates the dilation of blood vessels to reduce or increase oxygen flow and respond to heart functions.

It regulates the digestive system and maintains levels of digestion in the body.

From coughing, sneezing, to disperse foreign particles from the nose, it regulates them all.


The medulla oblongata is also responsible for maintaining coordination between different body movements.

It even controls the respiratory and cardiovascular activities of the body.

It takes care of blood pressure, regulates the heart rate and checks the respiratory rate.

All types of involuntary reflexes, such as sneezing, swallowing and gag reflex are controlled and regulated by Medulla Oblongata.

It also controls voluntary body movements. There are many nerves that are necessary for the head, arm, digestion of food and the movement of the mouth. Using the extended core, you can send sensory messages to the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system.

medulla oblongata function
medulla oblongata function


Other medulla oblongata function

Some of the features of the extended core are as follows:

Median Fissures medulla function- These are shallow coppice along the back and front areas of the core.
Pyramid – These are two round masses located on the opposite areas of the front central slit.
Olive – These are conjugated oval structures on the core surface, never containing fibers connecting the core to the cerebellum and the bridge. Fasciculus Gracilis – a bundle of nerve fibers extends to the spinal cord’s core.