Lacunar stroke symptoms | Major causes and treatment
A stroke happens when blood moves to the brain. Strokes caused by blockages in the blood vessels in the brain are called ischemic strokes. Lacunar stroke symptoms is a type of ischemic stroke that occurs when the flow of blood to one of the small arteries in the depths of the brain is blocked.
As state by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), lacunar strokes represent about one-fifth of all strokes. Any type of stroke is dangerous because the brain cells are deprived of oxygen and start dying within a few minutes.
lacunar stroke symptoms
The symptoms of a stroke usually appear suddenly and without warning. Lacunar stroke symptoms may include slurred speech inability to raise one hand it falls on one side of the face numbness.
It often only on one side of the body difficulty walking or moving your arms confusion problems with memory difficulty in speaking or understanding spoke language headache loss of consciousness or coma the brain cells die, they affect the functions controlled by this area of the brain. These lacunar stroke symptoms may vary depending on the location of the stroke.
What causes a lacunar stroke?
Lacunar stroke is caused by a lack of blood flow in the smaller arteries that provide deep brain structures. The most important risk factor for the development of lacunar stroke is chronic high blood pressure. The condition may cause narrowing of the arteries. This makes it easier for cholesterol plaques or blood clots to block the flow of blood into the deep tissues of the brain.
Who is at risk of stroke?
The risk of a stroke in the lumbar region increases with age. People at risk are people with chronic hypertension, heart disease or diabetes. African Americans, Hispanics and people with familial stroke are also more at risk than other groups.
Additional factors that increase the likelihood of lacunar stroke include:
smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke, alcohol use, drug addiction, pregnancy, use of birth control pills, Sedentary lifestyle, bad diet, high cholesterol, obstructive sleep apnea.
It is important to conduct annual physical examinations for health problems that may increase the risk of stroke, including high cholesterol and obstructive sleep apnea.
How do you recognize the lacunar stroke symptoms?
For any type of stroke, urgent treatment is necessary, therefore immediate diagnosis is necessary. Your physician may check your blood pressure and ask about your symptoms. A detailed neurological test will be used to check for damage to parts of the brain that control your body functions.
If your symptoms are consistent with your stroke, immediate diagnostic tests will likely include a CT scan or MRI scan to perform detailed brain images. Doppler ultrasound can also be used.
This will measure the amount of blood flowing through the arteries and veins. You can request heart rate tests such as electrocardiogram and echocardiogram. You can also check your kidney and liver function and various blood tests.
What is the treatment of lacunar stroke?
If you have a stroke in the lumbar area, early treatment increases your chances of survival and can prevent further damage. When you arrive at the emergency room, you will probably receive aspirin and other medicines. This reduces the risk of another stroke.
It may be necessary to take actions to support breathing and heart activity. You can receive intravenous medicines to remove clots. Under extreme circumstances, the doctor can deliver drugs directly to the brain.
Because of brain damage, stroke patients often have to re-learn skills and regain strength. It may take weeks, months or years. Most people who have a stroke require long-term treatment. This may include medicines used to treat high blood pressure, diabetes or high cholesterol.
After stroke lacunar, some people also require
physiotherapy in order to restore the function of occupational therapy to improve the skills needed for everyday life speech therapy to improve language skills.
What are the long-term prospects?
The quality of life after a lumbar stroke depends on many factors, including age and time of starting treatment after the onset of lacunar stroke symptoms. Disability is constant in some patients. They can be:
paralysis, numbness, loss of muscle control on one side of the body, tingling sensation in the affected limb.
Even after rehabilitation and recovery after stroke, some stroke victims have problems with short-term memory. Some may also have problems with thinking and reasoning. Controlling emotions can also be a problem. Some who have suffered a stroke also have depression.
Having a stroke in the lumbar area increases the risk of further strokes, which is why regular medical care is very important. According to the American Stroke Association, although the incidence of stroke is higher in men, women account for more than half the deaths per stroke in all age groups.
Lower your risk
Lacunar stroke symptoms is a life-threatening condition. Some risk factors, such as aging and family history, are outside your control, but certain lifestyle behaviors can have an impact on risk.
Maintain a healthy diet. Exercise daily for at least 30 minutes. Together, these habits can help reduce the risk of stroke. If you have high blood pressure, heart disease or diabetes, try to control it and regularly see a doctor. Do not smoke. And most importantly, you should ask for medical help for the first signs of stroke – every second is important.