Hemorrhoid (HEM-uh-roids), also called piles, are swollen veins in your anus and the lower rectum, similar to varicose veins. Hemorrhoids have a number of causes. They may result from straining during bowel movements. Hemorrhoids may be within the anus (external hemorrhoids).
Hemorrhoids are very common. Nearly three out of four adults will have hemorrhoids from time to time. Sometimes they do it, discomfort and bleeding. Occasionally, a clot may form in hemorrhoid (the thrombosed hemorrhoid). These are not dangerous, and sometimes need to be lanced and drained.
Fortunately, many effective options are available to treat hemorrhoids. Many people can get relief from symptoms of home treatments and lifestyle changes.
Symptoms of Hemorrhoid
Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids may include:
Painless Bleeding During Bowel movements – you may notice a small amount of toilet tissue
Itching or irritation in your anal region
Pain or discomfort
Swelling around your anus
A lump near your anus, which may be sensitive or painful (maybe a thrombosed hemorrhoid)
Hemorrhoid symptoms usually depend on the location.
Internal hemorrhoids. These lie inside the rectum. You usually can not see or feel these hemorrhoids, and they rarely cause discomfort. But hemorrhoid’s hemorrhoid and hemorrhoid can cause bleeding.
Occasionally, straining can push internal hemorrhoid through the anal opening. This is known as a protruding or prolapsed hemorrhoid and can cause pain and irritation.
External hemorrhoids. These are under the skin around your anus. When irritated, external hemorrhoids can it or bleed.
Thrombosed Hemorrhoids. Sometimes blood may pool in external hemorrhoid and form a clot (thrombus) that can result from severe pain, swelling, and a hard lump near your anus.
When to see a doctor
Bleeding during bowel movements is the most common sign of hemorrhoids. Your doctor can do a physical examination and perform other tests to confirm hemorrhoids and rule out more serious conditions or diseases. Also talk to your doctor if you have hemorrhoid, and do not know with home remedies.
Do not assume that hemorrhoid is due, especially if you are over 40 years old. Rectal bleeding can occur with other diseases, including colorectal cancer and anal cancer. If you have a bleeding with a significant change in your bowel habits, consult your doctor. These types of stools can signal more in your digestive tract. Seek emergency care if you experience large amounts of bleeding, lightheadedness, dizziness or faintness.
The veins around your anus tend to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell. Swollen veins (hemorrhoid) can develop from the highest pressure:
Straining during bowel movements
Sitting for long periods of time on the toilet
Chronic diarrhea or constipation
The hemorrhoid is more likely with aging for the tissues and veins.
Complications of hemorrhoid is very rare but include:
Anemia. Rarely, chronic blood loss from hemorrhoid may cause anemia, in which you have to carry oxygen to your cells.
Strangulated hemorrhoid. If the blood supply to the hemorrhoid is cut off, hemorrhoid may be strangulated, another cause of extreme pain.
The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep your stools soft, so easy. To prevent hemorrhoids and reduce symptoms of hemorrhoid, follow these tips: Eat high-fiber foods. Eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Doing so softens the stool and increases its bulk, which can help hemorrhoids.
Add fiber to your problems.
Drink plenty of fluids. Drink and drink, drink, drink, drink, drink, drink, drink, drink.
Consider fiber supplements. Most people do not get enough money – 25 grams a day for men – in their diet. Studies have shown that over-the-counter fiber supplements, such as Metamucil and Citrucel, improve the overall symptoms and bleeding from hemorrhoids. These products help keep stools soft and regular.
If you use fiber supplements, be sure to drink at least eight glasses of water or other fluids every day. Otherwise, the supplements can cause constipation or make constipation worse. Don’t strain. Straining and holding your breath when trying to pass a stool. As soon as you feel the urge. If you wait to pass a bowel movement and the urge goes away, your stool could be dry and be harder to pass.
Exercise. Stay active to help prevent constipation, which can occur with long periods of standing or sitting. Exercise can also help you lose excess weight that may be contributing to your hemorrhoids. Avoid long periods of sitting. Sitting on the toilet can increase the pressure on the veins in the anus.