The cerebellum is located behind the upper part of the brain stem (where the spinal cord is in contact with the brain) and consists of two hemispheres (halves). It receives information from sensory systems, the spinal cord and other parts of the brain, and then regulates motor motions.


The cerebellum coordinates voluntary movements such as posture, balance, coordination, and speech, which results in smooth and balanced muscle activity. Read below for cerebellum function



Cerebellum function

The cerebellum is the area behind and at the bottom of the brain, behind the brainstem. The cerebellum function related to movement and coordination, including:

Keeping your balance: the cerebellum has special sensors that detect shifts in balance and movement. Sends signals to the body to adjust and move.

Coordination Movement: Most body movements require the coordination of many muscle groups. The cerebellum measures the time the muscles work so that the body can move smoothly.

Vision: the cerebellum coordinates the movements of the eyeballs.

Motor learning: the cerebellum helps the body learn movements that require training and refinement. For example, the cerebellum plays a role in learning to ride a bicycle or to play a musical instrument.



Other cerebellum function

Researchers believe that the cerebellum function plays a role in thinking, including language and mood. However, discoveries regarding these features have not yet been fully explored.

cerebellum function
cerebellum function

Prior to 1990, the cerebellum function was generally considered to be purely motoric, but newer discoveries undermined this view. Functional imaging studies have shown activation of the cerebellum in relation to language, attention and mental images; correlation studies showed interactions between the cerebellum and non-motor areas of the cerebral cortex; in people with lesions that appear to be limited to the cerebellum, various non-motor symptoms have been identified.


It is a relatively small part of the brain – about ten percent of the total mass but contains about half of the brain’s neurons, specialized cells that transmit information via electrical signals. The cerebellum function is not unique to people. Evolutionarily speaking, this is the older part of the brain. It occurs in animals that scientists think existed before humans. Damage to the cerebellum, although it does not cause paralysis or mental retardation, can lead to imbalance, slow movements, and shocks (shocks). Complex physical tasks would become unstable and would stop.


As a result of a close relationship between the cerebellum and movement, the most common symptoms of cerebellum disorders are disturbances in muscle control.

Symptoms or signs include:

Lack of muscle control and coordination difficulties with walking and mobility indistinct speech or difficulty in speaking. Abnormal eye movements headaches There are many disorders of the cerebellum, including:


 Brain bleeding toxins
genetic abnormalities
tumor ataxia

The main symptom of cerebellum dysfunction is ataxia.

Ataxia is a loss of muscle coordination and control. A basic problem with the cerebellum, such as a virus or brain tumor, can cause these symptoms. Loss of coordination is often the first sign of ataxia, and speech problems soon follow.


 Tumor in the cerebellum

Tumors are abnormal cells that can grow in the brain or migrate from another part of the body. These tumors can be benign and not spread through the body. Malignant neoplasms grow and spread, leading to cancer.

The symptoms of a tumor in the cerebellum include:

vomiting without nausea
difficulties with coordination

Diagnosis and treatment will vary depending on your age, general health, the course of the disease, prospects and other factors.