Sebaceous glands

Sebaceous glands functions and development

The sebaceous glands are a tissue that releases oil in the skin of a mammal. When a piece of the epidermis is examined under a microscope, we see a hair follicle that pierces the surface of the skin to the subcutaneous layer. Inside there is a secretory sebaceous tissue. Waxy oil, which is excreted into […]

body cells function

Body cells function and Types

Cells are the basic elements of all living entities. The human body consists of trillions of cells. They provide the structure of the body, take nutrients from food, transform these nutrients into energy and fulfill specialized functions. Cells also contain hereditary body material and can create their own copies.┬áThe cells have many parts, each with […]

Bulbourethral gland

Bulbourethral glands function and Structure

The Bulbourethral gland, also known as the Cowper gland for the English anatomy of William Cowper, is one of the two small exocrine glands in the reproductive system of many male mammals (all domesticated animals that are not only found in a dog). They are homologous to Bartholin’s glands in women.   Bulbourethral gland function […]

lacrimal gland

Lacrimal Glands Function and Swelling Causes

In human physiology, the lacrimal glands are paired, exocrine glands in the shape of almonds, one for each eye that secretes an aqueous layer of tear film. They are located in the upper lateral region of each orbit, in the lacrimal patch of the orbit formed by the anterior bone. The lacrimal gland produces tears, […]

cytoplasm function

Cytoplasm Function and their major elements

The cytoplasmic cells are material in a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus. It contains cytosol (a gel-like substance encapsulated in the cell membrane) and organelles – internal cell substructures. The entire content of the cells, prokaryotic organisms (such as bacteria lacking the nucleus) is contained in the cytoplasm.   In cells of eukaryotic organisms, […]

pericardium functions

Pericardium functions and problems

The pericardium is a thin bag that surrounds your heart. It protects and lubricates your heart and keeps it in your chest.┬áProblems may arise when the pericardium turns into a spot or fills it with liquid. Swelling can damage the heart and affect its function. Read on more┬ápericardium functions.   pericardium functions Osierdzie has several […]

atria functions

Atria heart functions

The heart is an important organ of the circulatory system. It is divided into four chambers connected by means of heart valves. The upper two chambers of the heart are called atria. Atria are separated by atrial septa into the left atrium and right atrium. The two lower chambers of the heart are called chambers. […]

blood vessels function

blood vessels function & Additional features main function

Blood vessels function consist of arteries, capillaries, and veins. The vascular networks deliver blood to all tissues in a targeted and regulated manner. The arteries and veins consist of three layers of tissue. The thick outer layer of the vessel (tunica adventitia or tunica external) is made of connective tissue.     The middle layer […]

muscular system functions

Muscular system functions and their types

Muscles play a role in every function of the body. The muscular system consists of over 600 muscles. These include three types of muscles: smooth, skeletal and cardiac. Only skeletal muscles are voluntary, which means that you can control them consciously.     Smooth and heart muscles act involuntarily. Each type of muscle in the […]

pineal gland function

What is pineal gland and their major function

Szyszynka is a small pea-shaped gland in the brain. Its function is not fully understood. Researchers know that it produces and regulates certain hormones, including melatonin. Melatonin is best known for its role in regulating sleep patterns. Sleep patterns are also called circadian rhythms. Learn more about pineal gland function.   Szyszynka also plays a […]