Chicken virus (chicken bug) what has caused it and how it affects you

A study by a food regulatory authority showed that seven out of ten hens sold in British supermarkets are contaminated with a dangerous bacterium that causes food poisoning. Every year, 280,000 people get sick and kill 100 people. Chicken is the most common cause of food poisoning in the UK, so the Food Standards Agency has named and embarrassed supermarkets with the highest levels of contamination, trying to solve the problem.



What is this mistake Chicken virus?

It’s called campylobacter. It is a naturally occurring bug that grows in the gut of hens. He has been present in hens for decades, and the problems posed by food poisoning caused by him are reflected throughout the world.


Should I be worried?

The bug was killed by thorough cooking. However, it is easy to spread on the farm, during processing in the plants and preparation in the kitchen. The level of contamination is very high in almost all supermarkets. For example, during tests conducted in the summer of 2014. It was found that 80% of the birds were contaminated. Campylobacter is also present outside the package around the chicken virus because the standards in the chain between the farm and the store shelf are bad.


What is done with it?

Serious research is underway to determine the seriousness of the Chicken virus problem and to encourage supermarkets to take action. The Food Standards Agency said that although buyers should ensure good hygiene practices at home, supermarkets are required to lower their levels. Publishes regular results.



Supermarkets are taking action to reduce the level of “highly contaminated” chickens. Currently, 18 percent of chickens are classified at this level. The FSA asked the industry to reduce this figure to 10%.

However, there is no known solution. Food authorities say that “there is no single intervention” that will solve the problem.


Sounds nice

Industry invests millions of pounds in new technologies and processes. For example, Co-op and M & S only go into the bag’s packaging for baking. Most other supermarkets now offer this option as an option.



However, larger supermarkets argue that they can not make a wholesale conversion to a baking bag. Sainsbury’s claims that it is testing “novel” packaging instead. One of the most important achievements is the rapid cooling of the surface. In this case, liquid nitrogen is sprayed onto raw chickens, effectively freezing the skin to kill surface bacteria or Chicken virus, while the interior remains unfrozen.



M & S has been recognized for leadership in this area using a “five-point plan” to reduce error. Packages, and now all types of baked in bags, will have clearer labels, and bonuses will be paid to farmers producing Campylobacter-free farms. New safety technology will also appear on the production line. M & S said it noted a reduction because the plan was implemented in September.


Asda is testing a new procedure called “SonoSteam“, in which chickens are steamed, so they are cooked on the outer skin, but not inside. It was found that if the procedure successfully reduces the level of pollution, it will be introduced in all suppliers.

What can I do with this?

Be careful when cooking chicken. Do not wash it; clean the chopping boards thoroughly, use warm water and soap while washing your hands after touching the raw chicken; hold it in a separate bag in the fridge and cover it all the time.

Cerebrospinal fluid, (CSF)(Circulation) development and its functions

Cerebrospinal fluid is a clear, colorless transcellular fluid, in the ventricular system, and the central canal of the spinal cord. It also fills some gaps in subarachnoid space, known as subarachnoid cisterns.  The four ventricles, four lateral, a third, and a fourth ventricle, all contain choroid plexus that produces cerebrospinal fluid.  The third ventricle lies in the midline and is connected to the lateral ventricles.  A single duct, the cerebral aqueduct between the pons and the cerebellum, connects the third ventricle to the fourth ventricle.



Three separate openings, the middle and the lateral apertures drain the cerebrospinal fluid from the fourth ventricle to the cisterna magna one of the major cisterns. From here, cerebrospinal fluid circulates around the brain and spinal cord in the subarachnoid space, between the arachnoid mater and pia mater.  At any one time, there is about 150mL of cerebrospinal fluid – the bridge within the subarachnoid space. Newer studies (2015) from two laboratories have shown the presence of the cranial nerves. 



Cerebrospinal fluid  Circulation

At the same time, about 125-150 ml of CSF occur. This CSF circulates in the ventricular system of the brain. The chambers are a series of cavities filled with CSF. Most cerebrospinal fluid is made from two lateral chambers of the heart. From there, CSF passes through the ventricular cell to the third chamber, then to the brain plate into the fourth chamber. From the fourth chamber, the fluid passes into the subarachnoid space through four openings – the central spinal cord channel, the central fissure, and the two lateral openings.



CSF is present in the subarachnoid space. It includes the brain, spinal cord and extends below the end of the spinal cord to the sacrum.  There is a connection from the subarachnoid space to the bony labyrinth of the inner ear, which causes the spinal fluid to be continuous with perilima in 93% of people.



CSF moves in one direction outside of the chambers, but in the subarachnoidal space in a multidirectional way. The movement of the liquid is pulsating, adapting to the pressure waves generated in the blood vessels by the heartbeat. Some authors question this by stating that there is no unidirectional circulation of cerebrospinal fluid, but a cycle-dependent two-way systolic-diastolic cerebrospinal-cerebral spinal fluid.




CSF serves several purposes

Buoyancy: the actual mass of the human brain is about 1400-1500 grams; however, the net weight of the brain suspended in CSF is equivalent to a weight of 25-50 grams.  The brain, therefore, exists in a neutral buoyancy that allows the brain to maintain its density without weakening its own weight, which would cut off the blood supply and kill neurons in the lower sections without CSF. 


Protection: CSF protects the brain tissue against injury during shock or impact, providing a fluid buffer that acts as a shock absorber from mechanical damage.


Prevention of cerebral ischemia: Prevention of brain ischemia by reducing the amount of CSF in the limited space inside the skull. This reduces the total intracranial pressure and facilitates blood perfusion.


Homeostasis: CSF allows for the regulation of the distribution of substances between brain cells,  and neuroendocrine factors, to which small changes may cause problems or damage to the nervous system. For example, the high concentration of glycine interferes with the control of temperature and blood pressure, and high pH in the cerebrospinal fluid causes dizziness and syncope.


Waste disposal: CSF allows the removal of waste from the brain and is crucial in the brain’s lymphatic system.

Cerebrospinal fluid development

Around the third week of development, the embryo is a three-layer disk covered with ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. The tube-like form develops in the middle line, called the dorsal string. Notochord releases extracellular molecules that affect the transformation of ectoderm into neural tissue. The nerve tube, forming from the ectoderm, contains CSF before the development of choroid plexuses.  The open nerve tube neuropathy closes after the first month of development and the CSF pressure gradually increases.



As the brain develops, in the fourth week of embryonic development in the nip around the canal, near which the head will develop, three swellings have formed. These swellings represent various elements of the central nervous system: midbrains, midbrain, and rhombus. The subarachnoid spaces are visible after the 32 days of development near the romance; the circulation is visible from the 41st day.


Developing forebrain surrounds

The nervous system. As the forebrain develops, the nerve cord becomes a chamber in it, ultimately forming side chambers. Along the inner surface of both chambers, the ventricular wall remains thin. The choroidal plexus develops, producing and releasing CSF.  The CSF quickly fills the nerve channel.  Arachnoid fibers arise around the 35th week of development.


The sublevel organ emits SCO-spondin, which forms the Reissner fiber in CSF, supporting the movement through the brain aqueduct. It occurs in the early period of intrauterine life but disappears during early development.


You will want to take care of what you are feeding your Chihuahua. This breed is very sensitive to what they are fed, how often they eat and how dishes are offered to them. In fact, the food you choose for your Chihuahua for both meals and snacks will have a direct impact on your puppy’s or dog’s health, both now and when it matures. Toy breeds burn calories faster than larger races.


With age, their needs will change both in terms of food and physical activity. With very low tolerance to chemicals (artificial colors and preservatives) and the proper balance of proteins, healthy fats, and essential carbohydrates, you may need some experimentation to see what kind of food ingredients your Chihuahua enjoys the most and which are the best tolerated by the digestive system.


change the karma of Chi

It may happen that you want to change the karma of Chi. When is the first time you take your puppy home. In many cases, your feeding preference will not be the same as your breeder (or the person you get your puppy from) If you notice that your little dog gives signals that change needs.

1) Chihuahua can become picky about meals


2) Puppy or the dog does not seem to prosper on the current diet


3) There are signs of food intolerance. It usually manifests from diarrhea, constipation and/or vomiting. Making a change is just right, in fact, it’s definitely recommended that your dog achieve a really high diet. It should be remembered that changes should be slow.


Related problems with rapid change include stomach upset and picky food with respect to new, better food. Therefore, when you want to switch, you can say that the best works: Week 1: 3/4 old food, 1/4 new food – well mixed together Week 2: 1/2 old food, 1/2 new food – Mixed Week 3: 1/4 of old food, 3/4 new food – well mixed up and well week 4: 7/8 old food, 1/8 new food – well mixed together Week 5: Your Chihuahua can now enjoy only new food

                                                                         WHAT IS A GOOD DIET FOR A CHIHUAHUA best top product

5 best Dog food for Chihuahua in 2018

What does bone marrow do | Bone marrow and the immune system

Each parent should know about bone marrow and the immune system, preparing for a child’s blood transplant and bone marrow transplant (BMT).


main points

Bone marrow is soft tissue inside the bone that produces blood cells. The bone marrow produces red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells. Lymphocytes are made in the bone marrow and play an important role in the body’s immune system. It is the spongy tissue inside our bones. All bones in newborns have active bone marrow, which means that they produce new cells. When your child reaches young adulthood, the bone marrow inner the bones of the hands, feet, arms, and legs stops producing new bone marrow cells. In adults, active it is found in the bones of the spine, hip and shoulder, ribs, sternum, and skull. However, the bone marrow inside the spine and hip has the biggest source of bone marrow cells.


what does bone marrow do

It produces blood cells, called red blood cells, blood platelets, and white blood cells. Inside the bone marrow, blood cells establish as young, immature cells called stem cells. When they produce, blood cells do not live in our bodies for a long time. That’s why it keeps producing all three types of blood cells to keep us healthy.


 Oxygen and carbon dioxide attach to the iron in hemoglobin, allowing the blood cells to transport oxygen to the body. Red blood cells get rid of the carbon dioxide that leaves your body through the lungs when you exhale.

what does bone marrow do




Platelets are blood cells that assist to clot blood (stick together) to terminate bleeding in areas of the body that have been cut or wounded. The tiles form a scab that forms on a small piece.



White blood cells function

White blood cells help the body fight infection. There are many different types of white blood cells that include: lymphocytes, neutrophils, and monocytes. These white blood cells fight against attackers with bacteria, viruses or fungi to help destroy the infection. Every cell differs in appearance eosinophils and basophils. These white blood cells response to allergens that can attack our bodies.


 Immune System

Our immune system protects the body against disease. It kills unwanted microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses that can attack our bodies.



How does our immune system fight infection?

When established into the marrow, lymphocytes enter the lymph nodes. Lymphocytes travel between each node via lymphatic channels. Lymphatic channels meet in big channels that empty into the blood vessels. Lymphocytes get into the blood through these channels. There are three main types of lymphocytes that play an important role in B cells in the immune system (B cells).

These cells come from the bone marrow. They form proteins called antibodies that attach to the external of the microorganisms that cause infection. Generally, they have the shape of Y or T. Each type of antibody reacts to different microorganisms, adhering to molecules called antigens that are on the surface of the microorganism.

what does bone marrow do



It is the attaching of the antibody and the antigen that causes B cells to grow and produce more antibodies that fight the infection. T-lymphocytes (T-cells) These cells grow up in the thymus, which is a small organ in the upper chest, just after the sternum (sternum). T cells help B cells to produce antibodies against attacking bacteria, viruses or other microorganisms. In distinction to B cells, T cells absorb and destroy pathogens directly after binding to the antigen on the surface of the microorganism. Natural killer (NK) cells. This is a kind of lymphocyte that directly attacks cells infected with the virus.

Sore throat and ear pain no fever Causes, Symptoms, and Medications

Many things can cause a sore throat on one side, even if you do not have tonsils. These include a nasal drip, cancer wounds, tooth infections, and other conditions. You can only have a sore throat or you may have additional symptoms such as ear pain. Read on to learn more, which can cause a sore throat on the one hand.

Postnasal Drip

 Intravenous or postnasal drip refers to mucus that runs down the back of the nose. When this happens, it may seem that all the mucus collects in the throat.


sore throat and ear pain no fever
sore throat and ear pain no fever


The glands in the nose and throat regularly produce 1 to 2 liters of mucus a day. However, if you have an infection or allergy, you tend to produce more mucus. When the extra mucus builds up and can not float properly, the throat dripping may be uncomfortable. The window sill often irritates the throat, causing pain. You can feel this pain only on one side, especially in the morning after you slept on your side. Treatment of a nasal drip is based on the treatment of a basic disorder. In the meantime, a congestive drug such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed) may be used to relieve symptoms.




Inflammation of the tonsils Tonsilitis is an inflammation, usually caused by an infection of the tonsils. The tonsils are round balls of lymphatic tissue in the back of the throat. You have two tonsils, one on each side of the throat, just behind the tongue. Sometimes tonsillitis affects only one tonsil, creating a sore throat on one side. Tonsillitis is usually caused by a viral infection, but bacterial infections can also trigger it.


The primary symptom is a sore throat, which is usually accompanied by some of the following symptoms: bad nose clogged nose and red swollen lymph node swelling red, swollen tonsil-stained fungus difficulty swallowing headache raw abdominal pain, bleeding spots on almonds cases of viral tonsillitis subside spontaneously 10 days. You can relieve pain with over-the-counter painkillers (OTC) or home remedies, such as rinsing with saltwater. If you have bacterial tonsillitis, you’ll probably need an antibiotic from your doctor.

    Peritonsillar abscess

Why is my throat hurt on one side? Paxillus R7 Tonsilatal abscess Plaque pancreas Lymph node swelling Neuralgia Dental infection Laryngitis Warning signs Overview Throat irritation can be different – from irritants to excruciating. You’ve probably had a sore throat a lot, so you know what to expect. But what about the sore throat and ear pain no fever? Many things can cause a sore throat on one side, even if you do not have tonsils. These include a nasal drip, cancer wounds, tooth infections, and other conditions.



Canker sores


You can only have a sore throat or you may have additional symptoms such as ear pain. Read on to learn more, which can cause a sore throat on the one hand. Drip after intravenous administration Intravenous drip refers to mucus that runs down the back of the nose. When this happens, it may seem that all the mucus collects in the throat. The glands in the nose and throat regularly produce 1 to 2 liters of mucus a day. However, if you have an infection or allergy, you tend to produce more mucus.


When the extra mucus builds up and can not float properly, the throat dripping may be uncomfortable. The window sill often irritates the throat, causing pain. You can feel this pain only on one side, especially in the morning after you slept on your side. Treatment of a nasal drip is based on the treatment of a basic disorder. In the meantime, a congestive drug such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed) may be used to relieve symptoms. Inflammation of the tonsils Tonsilitis is an inflammation, usually caused by an infection of the tonsils.



     Swollen lymph nodes

The tonsils are round balls of lymphatic tissue in the back of the throat. You have two tonsils, one on each side of the throat, just behind the tongue. Sometimes tonsillitis affects only one tonsil, creating a sore throat on one side. Tonsillitis is usually caused by a viral infection, but bacterial infections can also trigger it. The primary symptom is a sore throat, which is usually accompanied by some of the following symptoms: bad nose clogged nose and red swollen lymph node swelling red, swollen tonsil-stained fungus difficulty swallowing headache raw abdominal pain, bleeding spots on almonds cases of viral tonsillitis subside spontaneously 10 days. You can relieve pain with over-the-counter painkillers (OTC) or home remedies, such as rinsing with saltwater.


Sore throat and ear pain no fever


If you have bacterial tonsillitis, you’ll probably need an antibiotic from your doctor. Periportal abscess An abscess is an infection that creates a wall of a collection of oil adjacent to, and often in the back, one of your tonsils. It usually starts as a complication of bacterial tonsillitis and is more common in older children and young adults.


While the periapical abscess may cause a generalized sore throat, the pain is usually much worse on the side or sore throat and ear pain no fever of the affected tonsil. Other symptoms of the paracentric abscess include: feverishly embarrassing fatigue speaking earache on the side of the patient bad breath drooling soft, subdued voice A parietal abscess requires immediate medical attention.


Your doctor will probably use a needle or small incision to drain the affected area from the affected area. You can also prescribe antibiotic therapy after emptying the abscess.


Discovers in beetles Canker wounds in the form of wounds are small ulcers that form in the mouth.

They can form inside the cheeks, on the tongue or under the tongue, in the lips or in the upper part of the mouth near the back of the throat. Most wounds in cancer are small and round with a red border and a white or yellow center.


Although they are small, they can be quite painful. When the cancerous wound is formed in the back corner of the throat, you may feel pain on one side or sore throat and ear pain no fever. Most cancerous wounds heal spontaneously within two weeks. In the meantime, you can find relief with home remedies or topical OTC drugs, such as benzocaine (Orabase).

Arthritis in hands natural remedies Check Your Symptoms and Signs

arthritis in hands natural remedies   (inflammation or more joints) is the main cause of hand pain. It can occur anywhere in the body but is especially common in the hands and wrist. There are over 100 different types of arthritis, but the most common are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.



Osteoarthritis usually affects older people. Over the years, the joints in their hands experience a lot of wear. The articular cartilage is a slippery tissue that covers the ends of the bones, allowing for smooth joint movements. As it gradually decreases, painful symptoms may appear.



Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that can affect many parts of the body. It causes inflammation of the joints, which leads to pain and stiffness. It often starts in the hands or feet, affecting the same joints on both sides of the body. Learn to naturally relieve joint pain.

Symptoms of arthritis include:

blunt or burning pain in the joints of the fingers or wrist, pain after abuse (such as heavy grip or repetitive movement),
morning pain and joint stiffness, swelling around the joints, changes in the area of the thumb joints (excessive stretching),
heat in the area of the affected joint (resulting from inflammation), feelings of grinding, mating or looseness around finger joints,
small cysts at the end of the fingers.



arthritis in hands natural remedies

2. Carpal tunnel syndrome

The wrist tunnel is a narrow ligature and bone at the base of the hand. It contains the median nerve (the nerve running from the forearm to the hand) and the tendons responsible for moving the fingers.




Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the middle nerve is compressed by a tapered wrist tunnel. This constriction may be due to thickening of irritated tendons, inflammation or anything that may cause swelling in this area.

Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome start gradually and can reach different degrees of severity. Symptoms include frequent burning, tingling or itching numbness in the hands and fingers. The pain often appears around the thumb, index finger and middle finger.



Other symptoms in the wrist are:

feeling like your fingers are swollen even when there is no edema, pain at night
pain and stiffness of the hand or wrist in the morning, reduced grip strength, problems with catching small objects or performing certain tasks, wasting muscle at the base of the thumb (severe cases), Difficulty in feeling the difference between warmth and cold, Typical treatments:



3. Inflammation of the De Quervain tendon sheath

Inflammation of the De Quervain tendon sheath is a painful condition affecting the tendons around the thumb. The swelling of the two tendons around the base of the thumb causes inflammation of the area around the tendons. This inflammation puts pressure on nearby nerves, causing pain and numbness around the base of the thumb.


4. Ganglion cysts

Ganglion cysts of the wrist and hands are not usually painful but can be unsightly. Most often they appear as a large mass or a lump coming out of the back of the wrist. They can also appear in different sizes on the underside of the wrist, at the tip of the finger joint or on the base of the finger.



These cysts are filled with liquid and can quickly appear, disappear or resize. If your cyst roll becomes large enough to put pressure on nearby nerves, you may feel pain, tingling or numbness around your wrist or hand.


Ganglion cysts can often go without treatment. Rest and splinting may reduce the size of the cyst and may disappear over time. If it causes pain, the doctor can remove the liquid from the cyst or remove it completely.


5. DNA

Gout, which is a complex form of arthritis, is an extremely painful condition that can affect anyone. People with gout experience sudden, severe attacks of pain in the joints. The bottom most often touches the joint at the base of the big toe but can occur anywhere on the feet, knees, hands, and wrists.



6. Lupus

Lupus is an autoimmune disease, which means that your immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells and damages healthy tissue. Joint pain and stiffness are often the first symptoms of lupus.

When lupus flares, there is inflammation throughout the body. This inflammation thickens the thin lining around the joints, which leads to pain and swelling of the hands, wrists, and feet.

Supplements for menopause joint pain | best result for men & women

 supplements for menopause joint pain  Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM). MSM supplementation has led to a significant reduction in pain and physical disability. 



 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA).

The increasing health benefits of PUFAs seem to grow daily. Studies have repeatedly revealed an improvement in general joint pain as well as less need for conventional analgesics in patients with rheumatoid arthritis who take fatty acid supplementation.

supplements for menopause joint pain (Extract of ginger.)

There is early evidence that ginger may have therapeutic benefits similar to over-the-counter painkillers. Several studies have shown that analgesia is beyond the normal placebo effect. Research shows that it can not only help in pain, but also in the morning stiffness.

supplements for menopause joint pain



supplements for menopause joint pain(Glucosamine.)

This supplement can work very well both analgesically and modifying the course of the disease. Be careful though, because any positive effect is usually not very dramatic. The last six-month study conducted by Kwoh and his colleagues showed no significant differences between the group taking glucosamine hydrochloride compared to daily food lemonade in the placebo group. However, some researchers have noted that certain benefits are seen when taking a glucosamine sulfate formulation, especially for more than six months.


 Unsaponative soybean avocado (ASU).

In the majority of small-scale studies, there is a generally positive trend towards ASU, which investigated the effect of this supplement. In particular, patients taking ASU required a lower dose of traditional painkillers. Generally, it appears that this supplement is most effective in patients with knee joint inflammation.



Laboratory tests have shown that chondroitin sulfate can actually inhibit inflammatory pathways in the body. Some studies also suggest that this supplement may actually deter or slow the progression of joint damage. However, when many studies involving thousands of patients are combined together, the evidence shows only border benefits.

In the case of a disease called male menopause, see Andropause. In the case of a medical journal, see Menopause (magazine).
Ukara Ekpe fabric from the Igbo culture, which is the best supplements for menopause joint pain for women. 


Specialized gynecology
Symptoms. Lack of menstruation for a year 
The usual beginning of 49 and 52 years 
Causes Usually a natural change, a surgical procedure that removes both ovaries, some types of chemotherapy 

Treatment None, lifestyle changes 

Treatment: Hormonal menopausal therapy, clonidine, gabapentin, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors 
Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is a period in the lives of most women when periods of menstruation stop permanently and are no longer able to give birth to children.  Menopause usually occurs between 49 and 52 years of age.  Medical specialists often refer to menopause as occurring when a woman has had no vaginal bleeding for a year.  the ovaries determine can also reduce the production of hormones.


  For those who have undergone surgery to remove the uterus but still have ovaries, it can be assumed that menopause occurred during surgery or when hormone levels dropped.  After removal of the uterus, symptoms usually appear earlier, this supplements for menopause joint pain on average 45 years.

Before menopause, menstrual periods in women become irregular, which means that periods can be longer or shorter or lighter or heavier in terms of flow rate. At this time, women often experience hot flushes; these usually last from 30 seconds to 10 minutes and may be associated with tremors, sweating and redness of the skin.  Hot flushes often stop occurring after a year or two.  Other symptoms may include vaginal dryness, sleep problems, and mood changes. The severity of symptoms is different in women . During menopause, it is often thought to be associated with an increase in heart disease, mainly due to age and is not directly related to menopause. In some women, problems such as endometriosis or painful menses will improve after menopause. 



Some symptoms

Menopause is usually a natural change. May occur before those who smoke.  Other causes include surgery that removes both ovaries and some types of chemotherapy.  At the physiological level, menopause happens due to a reduction in the production of hormones estrogen and progesterone through the ovaries. Unless it is usually necessary, measuring hormone levels in the blood can be urine diagnosis of menopause.  Menopause is the opposite of menarche, the time at which girls’ periods begin.



Usually, no need for special treatment. Some symptoms, however, can improve with treatment. With regard to hot flushes, it is recommended to avoid smoking, caffeine, and alcohol. It may be helpful to sleep in a cool room and use a fan. The following medications may be helpful: hormonal menopausal therapy (MHT), clonidine, gabapentin or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Exercises can help solve problems with sleep. While MHT has been routinely prescribed once, it is now only recommended for people with severe symptoms because there are concerns about side effects.  No high-quality evidence was found for the efficacy of alternative medicine. There is preliminary evidence for phytoestrogens. 


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Where is kidney pain felt Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

 Back pain can be hard to distinguish, but kidney pain is usually deeper and higher in the back and under the ribs, while muscle pain with typical spinal damage tends to fall in the back. The starting points of kidney pain are mainly urinary tract infections and kidney stones.

The hallmark of the stone blocking the ureter or the renal pelvis is the tearing, interrupting pain that radiates from the side to the groin or the inside of the thigh. Kidney colic effected by kidney stones often accompanies urgent urgency, anxiety, hematuria, sweating, nausea, and vomiting. It often occurs in waves lasting from 20 to 60 minutes, caused by peristaltic spasms of the ureter, when trying to expel a stone.




Embryological relations between the urinary tract, sexual organs, and the digestive tract is the basis for irradiation of gonadal pain, as well as nausea and vomiting, which are also common in urolithiasis.

where is kidney pain felt



where is kidney pain felt Risk factors

Dehydration from the small liquid intake is the main factor in the formation of stones. Obesity is also a leading risk factor. High consumption of animal protein,  sodium, sugars, including honey, refined sugars, fructose, and high fructose corn syrup,  oxalate, grapefruit juice, and apple juice may increase the risk of kidney stones.

Kidney stones may be caused by a substantial metabolic condition, such as distal renal tubular acidosis, Down’s disease, hyperparathyroidism, primary hyperoxaluria,  or renal spongy kidney. 3-20% of human forming kidney stones have a kidney-shaped kidney sponge.


where is kidney pain felt with symptoms

Symptoms may vary from person to person. Someone in the first stages of the kidney problem may not feel bad or notice the symptoms that occur. When the kidneys do not work properly, the waste accumulates in the blood and the body, a condition called azotemia. Very dim levels of azotemia can cause little if any symptoms. If kidney disease progression, the symptoms become noticeable (if the insufficiency causes symptoms enough).


where is kidney pain felt
where is kidney pain felt

Symptoms of renal failure include

Higher levels of urea in the blood that can cause: Vomiting or diarrhea (or both) that can lead to dehydration Nausea, Weight loss, Night urination Equal urination or in larger quantities than usual, with a pale urine Different urination or in smaller quantities than usual with dark urine


Blood in the urine

Pressure or difficulty passing urine Unusual amounts of urination, usually in large quantities Collection of phosphates in the blood, which sick kidneys can not filter out, can cause: Itch, Bone damage


Nonunion in broken bones

The accumulation of potassium in the blood that the sick kidneys can not filter out (called hyperkalemia) can cause: Abnormal heart rhythms, Muscle paralysis   the defeat of the kidneys to remove excess fluid can cause:
Swelling of the legs, ankles, feet, face or hands The problem of breath due to extra fluid in the lungs (may also be caused by anemia) Polycystic kidney syndrome, which causes large, fluid-filled kidney cysts and sometimes the liver, can cause:

Pain in the back or side

Healthy kidneys produce the hormone erythropoietin, which stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells carrying oxygen. As a result, the blood includes less hemoglobin, a condition known as anemia. This can cause: Feeling tired or weak, Problems with memory, Difficulty with concentration, Dizziness, Low blood pressure

This does not cause a problem until there is significant kidney damage, after which the symptoms include: Foamy or bubbly urine, Swelling of hands, feet, stomach or face, Other symptoms are, Loss of appetite, bad taste in the mouth, Difficulties with sleeping, Darkening of the skin, Excess protein in the blood


If high doses of penicillin are used in people with renal insufficiency, seizures may occur Causes
Acute kidney injuryAcute kidney injury (previously known as acute renal failure) – or AKI – usually occurs when the blood supply to the kidneys is suddenly interrupted or when the kidneys are overloaded with toxins.  Heart transfer surgery is an example of one of these procedures.



Drug overdose

accidental or because of the chemical overload of drugs, such as antibiotics or chemotherapy, can also cause acute kidney damage. However, unlike chronic kidney disease, the kidneys can often recover from acute kidney damage, allowing the patient to return to a normal life. People aching from acute kidney injury require supportive care until their kidneys recover and are often at an increased risk of developing future kidney failure.





Between the random problems of kidney failure is a crush syndrome, when large amounts of toxins suddenly release in the bloodstream after a long compressed limb, suddenly releases from the pressure delaying the flow of blood through its tissues, causing ischemia. The resulting overburden may lead to blockage and destruction of the kidneys. The particular, myoglobin, potassium, phosphorus – which are products of rhabdomyolysis (damage to skeletal muscle damaged under ischemic conditions).


Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has many causes. The most usual causes of CKD are diabetes and long-lasting, uncontrolled hypertension.  Polycystic kidney syndrome is  CKD. Most human with polycystic kidney disease have a family history of the disease.

Left side pain above hip Causes or Symptoms and Diagnosis

left side pain above hip also calls pelvis. The lower part of the human body between the abdomen and thighs (sometimes also referred to as the pelvic area).  The skeleton embedded in it (sometimes also referred to as the pelvis or pelvic skeleton).


The pelvic torso includes the pelvis,  cavity (space closed by the pelvis), pelvic floor, below the pelvic cavity and perineum below the pelvic floor. The pelvic skeleton is formed in the spine, sacrum, and tailbone as well as front left and right, with the help of a pair of hip bones.


Two hip bones connect the spine with the lower limbs. In the forward direction and connected to two femurs in the hip joints.  The gap is close to the pelvic cavity. The part of the body under the belly and consists mainly of reproductive organs (genitals) and rectum.  The pelvic floor at the base of the cavity helps support the abdominal organs.

left side pain above hip

In mammals, the pelvis has a gap in the middle, much larger in females than in males. Their young are going through this gap when they are born.



 Hip muscles and left side pain above hip
Hip muscles are divided into dorsal and abdominal groups.

 Iliacus comes from the bottom of the hip to connect to psoas in the iliopubic eminence to create iliopsoas, which is inserted into the lesser trochanter.  The iliopsoas is the most powerful hip flexor.



Their front fibers are medial rotors and flexors, while the back fibers are sided rotors and rectifiers. He abducts and laterally rotates the hip in an upright position and helps to extend the thigh. He presses the femoral head into the acetabulum and flexes, turns toward the middle, and abducts the hip.


left side pain above hip During pregnancy and childbirth

In the later stages of pregnancy, the fetal head is located inside the pelvis. Bone joints are also soft due to the effect of pregnancy hormones.  These factors can cause pelvic joint pain (limb or SPD abnormalities).




During delivery left side pain above the hip  (unless through the imperial section), the fetus passes through the pelvic opening of the mother.

In left side pain above hip,  Abdominal muscles are important in controlling body balance. The internal and external muscles of the obturator together with the quadratus femoris are lateral hip rotators. Ribs have their origins on both sides of the curtain opening and are introduced into the trochlear clavate on the femur. The quadratus is formed on sciatic tuberosity and is inserted into the intertrochanteric. The higher and inferior gemstones, arising respectively from the sciatic spine and sciatica.



The torso pelvis area is the lower part of the torso, between the belly and the thighs. It contains several structures: a bone pelvis, pelvic cavity, pelvic floor, and crotch. The pelvis circumference consists of the ilium bones (hips, sciatic bones, and tailbone) oriented in the ring and connects the pelvic area with the lower limbs. The pelvic spine consists of the sacrum and the coccyx.

left side pain above hip

 pelvic cavity

pelvic inlet or the upper pelvis opening that leads to the smaller pelvis is limited by the spit, the arcuate line, iliopubic eminence, pubic pectin and the upper part of the pubic symphysis. The pelvic hole or the lower pelvic aperture is the area between the sub-pub angle and the pubic arch, sciatic tuberosity, and tailbone.


left side pain above hip Female crotch

The pelvic floor has two conflicting functions: one is the closure of the pelvis and abdominal cavity and the transfer of weight to the visceral organs; the second is the inspection of the holes of reflex organs and genitourinary organs. To achieve both of these tasks, the pelvic floor consists of several overlapping layers of muscle and connective tissue.



The pelvic diaphragm consists of the levator ani and the tailbone muscle. They form between the symphysis and the spinal column and converge on the coccyx, which extends between the rib of the caudal bone and the anal break. This leaves a gap for anal and genitourinary holes.


The outer sphincters of the anus and urethra occlude the anus and urethra. Ischiocavernosus squeezes blood into the corpus cavernosum of the body and clitoris.

See also: Gender differences in humans

 A wide birth anal and locomotion efficiency, a conflict termed the “obstetric dilemma”. The female pelvis or pelvic gynecology has evolved to the maximum width during delivery – a wider pelvis would prevent women from walking.


The main differences between the true and false male and female pelvic bladders include:

The female pelvis is larger and wider than the male pelvis, which is taller, narrower and more compact.
The feminine inlet is larger and oval, while the male cross-section protrudes further ( male inlet has a more heart shape).


The sides of the male pelvis converge from the inlet to the outlet, while the sides of the female pelvis are wider than each other.

The angle between the subordinate pubic shoulder is sharp (70 degrees) in men, but obtuse (90-100 degrees) in women. Therefore, this angle is the subpubic angle in men and the pubic arch in women. In addition, the bones forming an angle/arc are more concave in females, but in males.


The distance between the bones of Ischia is small in men, due to which the outlet is narrow but large in women who have a relatively large outlet. Circles and sciatic tumors are heavier and run deeper in the pelvic cavity of men. The larger incision of sciatica is wider in women. Hip backs are higher and more pronounced in men, which makes the male false pelvis deeper and narrower than in women.


The male sacrum is long, narrow, more straight and has a prominent cross-shaped promontory. The female sacrum is shorter, wider, more curved at the back and has a less pronounced promontory. Panenka is wider in females than in men. The side, while the face is more directed towards the front in women. Consequently, when men walk, the leg can move forward and back in one plane. In females, the leg must move forward and inward, from where the tilting femoral head moves the leg. This change in the angle of the femoral head gives the woman a characteristic character (ie, rocking the hips.

exercise for hip pain

Bone pain in chest (Costochondritis Treatment, Symptoms, Causes)

Bone pain in the chest  also known as chest wall pain, bridge-shaft syndrome or chondrogenic in the bone, is an acute and often transient articular cartilage inflammation that connects each rib to the bone joint bridge. Although arthritis and gut often subside spontaneously, it can be a recurrent condition that has little or no initial symptoms.


Symptoms of arthritis may be similar to chest pain associated with myocardial infarction. However, some doctors perceive arthritis and pancreatitis as a separate disease due to the lack of bone cartilage edema in the collapse of costochondritis.

bone pain in chest

bone pain in chest symptoms

Pain or tenderness in the palpation region usually occurs on the sides of the sternum, affects numerous ribs and often worsens with coughing, deep breathing or physical activity. During a physical examination, the doctor examines and feels the patient in swollen. The sensitive areas and can often cause pain due to inflammation of the intestines.


The location of pain on the sternum is a factor that can help to differentiate tibialis from the Tietze syndrome. Arthritis of the squamous joint usually affects the third, fourth and fifth bridge-plantar joints, unlike the Tietze syndrome, which usually affects the second or third osteoarticular joint. Pain caused by arthritis and pancreatitis usually disappears within a year.


bone pain in chest Causes

In most cases of joint inflammation, no cause was identified.  In rare cases, infection of the bone joint may cause osteomyelitis. Most cases of infectious uveitis are caused by Actinomyces, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, and Salmonella. In rare cases, Escherichia coli may be the cause of infectious arthritis. The cause may also be recurrent polyarteritis.


bone pain in chest pathogenesis

The pathogenesis underlying the development of ischemic heart disease remains unclear. The proposed mechanisms of injury include neurogenic inflammation, muscle imbalance, increased musculature on the ribs,  mechanical dysfunction at the cost-sacral joint of the rib,  or disruption of the mechanical structure of the osseous connection.


Differences from ribs 1-12

The first seven pairs are connected to the bridge; the next three are connected to the lower limit of the cartilage preceding the ribs; the last two have pointed limbs that end in the abdominal wall.

Like ribs, ribbed cartilages vary in length, width, and direction. They increase the length from the first to the seventh, and then gradually decrease to the twelfth. Their width, as well as the intervals between them, decreases from the first to the last. They are wide in their attachments to the ribs and narrow to the ends of the sternum, except for the first two, which have the same width throughout, and the sixth, seventh and eighth, which are enlarged where their margins touch.


They also change in the direction: the first fall slightly to the sternum, the second is horizontal, the third slightly increases, while the others are angular, following the course of ribs a short distance, and then entering the cartilage or the front of the cartilage.



bone pain in chest Structure
Each ankle cartilage has two surfaces, two edges, and two ends.

The front surface is convex and looks forward and up: the first one gives adhesion to the round-shaped ligament and the post-sacrum muscle; those from the first six or seven at their major ends, to the major breast. Others are covered and give partial attachment to some flat stomach muscles.


The rear surface is concave and directed backward and downwards; the first one gives attachment to the intestinal bridge, from the third to the sixth inclusive to the pectoral muscle and six or seven to the transverse abdominal muscles and the diaphragm.


bone pain in chest The boundaries

From two frames the superior is concave, inferior convex; they allow attachment to intercostal: the upper limit of the sixth gives attachment to the chest major.



The lower boundaries of the sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth cartilages represent five-pointed projections at the points of the largest convexity. These protrusions have smooth, longitudinal walls that emerge with facets on small protrusions from the upper limits of the seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth cartilages respectively.

bone pain in chest limbs

The lateral end of each cartilage is continuous with the bone tissue of the rib to which it belongs. In older age, bone cartilages are prone to superficial contraction.


Multiple myelomas

Treatment may include the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or other analgesics (analgesics) such as acetaminophen. Severe cases of meningitis may require the use of opioids, such as hydrocodone or oxycodone, tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline for pain caused by chronic meningitis, or anti-epileptic medicines such as gabapentin.




Costochondritis is a common condition and is responsible for 30% of visits related to chest pain in the emergency room. One-fifth of primary care visits are for chest pain in the musculoskeletal region; of which 20% visits to the primary surgery, 13% are due to the inflammation of the dye.