The aortic arch is part of the main artery that bends between the ascending and descending aorta. He leaves the heart and rises, then goes down to create a bow. The aorta distributes the blood from the left ventricle to the rest of the body. Certain aortic complications may ultimately lead to blockage of blood vessels. These blockages restrict the flow of blood to the rest of the body, which can eventually lead to edema and even an aneurysm. Conditions associated with the aortic arch are:
Aorta function & Aortic arch
Atherosclerosis or hardening of the heart
The Aortic arch syndrome, a group of symptoms associated with structural problems with arteries separated from the aorta
Aortic congenital malformations
Aortic coarctation (aortic arch stenosis)
Takayasu arthritis that can cause stroke, heart attack or other damage
It is difficult for physicians to diagnose complications with the aortic arch before limiting blood vessels. Magnetic resonance imaging is one of the types of tests used by doctors to determine the occurrence of aortic complications. This requires the use of magnetic fields for the production of heart images. Echocardiography involves using sound waves to obtain images of the heart. Treatment of aortic arch complications include beta-blockers, quenching, ACE inhibitors, diet changes, and Dacron transplantation.
Aorta function & descending
The aorta comes from the left ventricle. It ends in the abdominal cavity, where it branches into two common iliac arteries. The aorta consists of five separate segments. The descending aorta begins with the aortic arch (where the loop passes through the heart to begin its descent). It is divided into two segments: chest and abdomen. The descending aorta (thoracic aorta) is located between the aortic arch and the diaphragm muscles below the ribs.
The starting point is on the left side of the circles. As he descends, he writhes around the vertebrae and ends up at the front. The diameter of the artery is 2.32 centimeters. It has six paired branches: bronchial arteries, mediastinal arteries, esophageal arteries, pericardial arteries, the artery of the upper arteries and intercostal arteries. There are nine pairs of intercostal arteries. The right branches are longer than the left because the descending aorta (thoracic aorta) is on the left side of the circle. Through various branches, it delivers blood to the esophagus, lungs and chest area, including ribs and mammary glands.